UCMJ Article 112a

UCMJ Article 109

Property Other Than Military Property of United States—Waste, Spoilage, or Destruction


The MCM states any service member may be subject to prosecution for violations of Article 109 if they willfully or recklessly waste, spoil, or otherwise willfully and wrongfully destroy or damage any property other than military property of the United States.

In order to be prosecuted for wasting or spoiling of non-military property, the prosecution must demonstrate:

  1. the accused willfully or recklessly wasted or spoiled certain real property in a certain manner;
  2. the property was that of another person; and
  3. the property was of a certain value.

Charges of damaging non-military property may be applicable if it can be proven:

  1. the accused willfully and wrongfully damaged certain personal property in a certain manner;
  2. the property was that of another person; and
  3. the damage inflicted on the property was of a certain amount.

Destroying non-military property may be charged if:

  1. the accused willfully and wrongfully destroyed certain personal property in a certain manner;
  2. the property was that of another person; and
  3. the property was of a certain value.

 

Understanding Article 109 (Property other than military property of United States—waste, spoilage, or destruction) of the UCMJ

The wasting or spoiling non-military property section of Article 109 refers to the willful or reckless waste or spoliation of the real property of another individual. The terms wastes and spoils refer to acts of voluntary destruction of or permanent damage to property. This destruction is punishable whether done willfully, intentionally, recklessly, or is through a culpable disregard of the foreseeable consequences.

The destroying or damaging non-military property section of Article 109 refers to the willful and wrongful destruction or damage of the personal property of an individual. To be destroyed, the property does not need to be completely demolished or annihilated but must be sufficiently rendered useless for the intended purpose of the property. Damage refers to any physical injury to the property. To constitute a violation of Article 109, the destruction or damage of the property must have been willful and wrongful. As used in this section “willfully” means intentionally and “wrongfully” means contrary to law, regulation, lawful order, or custom.

Value and damage, in the case of destruction, the value of the property destroyed determines the level of punishment. In the case of damage, the amount of the damage controls. The amount of damage is the estimated or actual cost of repair by artisans employed in this work who are available to the community wherein the owner resides, or the replacement cost, whichever is less.

 

Maximum Possible Punishment for Violations of Article 109

Service members convicted of an Article 109 violation face various maximum punishments depending upon the specific charges and the value or damage determined.

For property valued at $1,000 or less, wasting or spoiling, non-military property—real property carries a possible sentence of a bad-conduct discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 1 year. If the property had a value greater than $1,000, the maximum possible punishment is a dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years.

Damaging any property other than military property of the United States that is values at $1,000 or less yields a maximum possible punishment of a bad-conduct discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 1 year. If the property is valued at more than $1,000, the punishment increases to a dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years.

A conviction for charges of destroying any property other than military property of the United States, that had a value of $1,000 or less, results in a punishment consisting of a bad-conduct discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 1 year. If, however, the value of the property was deemed greater than $1,000, the maximum possible punishment is increased to a dishonorable discharge; forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years.

 

How do you defend against Article 109 Property Other Than Military Property of United States—Waste, Spoilage, or Destruction charges?

When you are facing the combined resources of the military as well as the current cultural climate, you need to be prepared to defend your career and your freedom. Crisp and Associates, LLC has a team of experienced trial attorneys who have won these cases. This team includes the firm’s founder, Jonathan Crisp, a highly respected former Army JAG with over 20 years of experience in military law and a sought-after speaker and lecturer on military law. Donald Gordon has litigated cases before the Discharge Review Board, the Board for Correction of Military Records, and the Board for Correction of Naval Records regarding a wide variety of matters and a diverse background of clients

 

If you or someone you know is facing Article 109 charges for Property Other Than Military Property of United States—Waste, Spoilage, or Destruction, you need to speak with a Military defense attorney right away. Please call Crisp and Associates Military at 888-347-1514 for a free consultation.

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